Prior to the construction of the highway, for many, Crikvenica was the place where every year they spent their vacation and did not put too much attention on the rest of our coast.
Crikvenica is situated at the mouth of the river Dubračina, only 35 kilometers from the city of Rijeka. It belongs administratively to the Primorsko-Goranska County. The city was built on the ruins of the former Roman settlement Ad Turres, which in the past was the port for all the Vinodol settlements in the interior. The Romans recognized this territory as an ideal place for the port because of the many coves in which they could be hiding merchant ships, but also because of the great mouth of the river Dubračine, which was once sailing.
The name of the Ad Turres settlement in the translation would mean ‘under the towers’. It tells about how the towers existed on the nearby hill tops, from which the locals could control the narrow channel passing between the mainland and the island of Krk, while on the other hand they had a perfect view of the old traffic road through Vinodol. Through Vinodol, in ancient times, the ancient Roman road existed that started in the Italian Aquileia and passed through Vinodol and connected the mainland with the Roman province of Dalmatia.
In the 8th century Croats are coming to these regions and organizing their parish. They were primarily farming, cattle-breeding and fishing, and from the Roman population they learned the skills of growing grapevines. That’s why Vinodol got its name, wine valley. It is well known that the first legal document of Croats is also from this area, and one of the oldest in Europe. It is the Vinodol Law of 1288, and it is also specific in that it is written in glagolitic script.
Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Crikvenica (Photo: Guliver / Thinkstock)
But that was all before the founding of Crikvenica. It was founded in 1412 when Nikola IV. Frankopan signed a grant and thus allowed the construction of a monastery for the monks of St. Paul the Desert. This is how the history began, and the result is a city that today attracts more and more history researchers.
What to do in Crikvenica?
Today, Crikvenica is oriented to tourism, and less to fishing, which was once a primary branch. Long sandy and pebble beaches are the right places for sunbathing, but for active vacation on the sea also. The sea in Crikvenica is of particular purity, and the beaches and numerous quiet coves provide multiple pleasures for all generations. The main town beach is adapted to people with disabilities, and there is a ramp that makes it easy to enter the sea.
All pet lovers in Crikvenica come to their own. Namely, since 2010, the first public beach for pets has been opened with special sun protection canopies. So if you have a cat who likes to swim in salt water or a parrot who likes to swim in the shallow water, take Crikvenica into consideration. You can also go to the first Croatian cafe for pets located in Podvorska cove.
The main town beach in Crikvenica – for several years in a row the winner of the Blue Flag for the cleanest beach in Croatia
Due to its position Crikvenica is also known for its cycling trails that lead from the sea to the Vinodol Valley. Six trails are described, all of which are ideal for both recreational and training racing teams. The area around Crikvenica is also ideal for hikers and walkers. In this area there are seven interesting trails that stretch along the coast and continue in the pine forest and the green hinterland towards the hiking trails.
In the center of Crikvenica there is an Aquarium sized over 200 m2 where over a hundred species of fish from the Adriatic Sea inhabit, but also a few freshwater fish such as pirana.
Crikvenica is a city that at every season of the year offers its visitors plenty of opportunities for fun, relaxation and recreation. The relatively small distance from continental Croatia is ideal for a weekend trip, but also for a one-day vacation on the sea.